"The Oxygen Reduction Reaction Kinetics on a Platinum /Graphene Surface"

Georgi Diankov: Soonwook Hong, John Xu, Vikram Pande, Joonsuk Park, Robert Sinclair, Venkatasubramanian Visvanathan, David Goldhaber-Gordon and Fritz B Prinz; ECS Meeting Abstracts, 05/01/20.

Additional Authors: Soonwook Hong, John Xu, Vikram Pande, Joonsuk Park, Robert Sinclair, Venkatasubramanian Visvanathan, David Goldhaber-Gordon and Fritz B Prinz

Abstract:

The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is rate-limiting in polymer electrolyte fuel cells over a wide range of overpotentials. To improve our understanding of the underlying physics and chemistry of ORR, we created a model system with atomically-ordered interfaces that allows us to distinguish between bulk and electronic effects on catalytic behavior. Specifically, we developed a facile way of growing thin, epitaxial Pt nanostructures on graphene, which serves as both growth substrate and electrode. Rotating disc electrode measurements showed a high specific activity relative to platinum on glassy carbon. The enhanced ORR activity was observed despite consistent measurements that show a small electrochemically-active surface area arising from the fact that virtually all carbon atoms in monolayer graphene are surface atoms. This talk will address the reasons for the increase of ORR activity in view of the new ground state of atomically thin platinum on graphene.