"Strong ferromagnetic exchange interaction under ambient pressure in BaFe2S3"

Meng Wang: S. J. Jin, Ming Yi, Yu Song, H. C. Jiang, W. L. Zhang, H. L. Sun, H. Q. Luo, A. D. Christianson, E. Bourret-Courchesne, D. H. Lee, Dao-Xin Yao, and R. J. Birgeneau; Phys. Rev. B, 02/03/17.

Additional Authors: S. J. Jin, Ming Yi, Yu Song, H. C. Jiang, W. L. Zhang, H. L. Sun, H. Q. Luo, A. D. Christianson, E. Bourret-Courchesne, D. H. Lee, Dao-Xin Yao, and R. J. Birgeneau

Abstract:

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements have been performed to investigate the spin waves of the quasione-dimensional antiferromagnetic ladder compound BaFe2S3, where a superconducting transition was observed under pressure [H. Takahashi et al., Nat. Mater. 14, 1008 (2015); T. Yamauchi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 246402 (2015)]. By fitting the spherically averaged experimental data collected on a powder sample to a Heisenberg Hamiltonian, we find that the one-dimensional antiferromagnetic ladder exhibits a strong nearest-neighbor ferromagnetic exchange interaction (SJR = −71 ± 4 meV) along the rung direction, an antiferromagnetic SJL = 49 ± 3 meV along the leg direction, and a ferromagnetic SJ2 = −15 ± 2 meV along the diagonal direction. Our data demonstrate that the antiferromagnetic spin excitations are a common characteristic for the iron-based superconductors, while specific relative values for the exchange interactions do not appear to be unique for the parent states of the superconducting materials.