"Stripe order from the perspective of the Hubbard model"

Edwin W. Huang: Christian B. Mendl, Hong-Chen Jiang, Brian Moritz & Thomas P. Devereaux; npj Quantum Materials, 04/20/18.

Additional Authors: Christian B. Mendl, Hong-Chen Jiang, Brian Moritz & Thomas P. Devereaux

Abstract:

A microscopic understanding of the strongly correlated physics of the cuprates must account for the translational and rotational symmetry breaking that is present across all cuprate families, commonly in the form of stripes. Here we investigate emergence of stripes in the Hubbard model, a minimal model believed to be relevant to the cuprate superconductors, using determinant quantum Monte Carlo (DQMC) simulations at finite temperatures and density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) ground state calculations. By varying temperature, doping, and model parameters, we characterize the extent of stripes throughout the phase diagram of the Hubbard model. Our results show that including the often neglected next-nearest-neighbor hopping leads to the absence of spin incommensurability upon electron-doping and nearly half-filled stripes upon hole-doping. The similarities of these findings to experimental results on both electron and hole-doped cuprate families support a unified description across a large portion of the cuprate phase diagram.