"Quantum-well states in fractured crystals of the heavy-fermion material CeCoIn5"

Nicolas Gauthier: Jonathan A. Sobota, Makoto Hashimoto, Heike Pfau, Dong-Hui Lu, Eric D. Bauer, Filip Ronning, Patrick S. Kirchmann, and Zhi-Xun Shen; Physical Review B, 09/08/20.

Additional Authors: Jonathan A. Sobota, Makoto Hashimoto, Heike Pfau, Dong-Hui Lu, Eric D. Bauer, Filip Ronning, Patrick S. Kirchmann, and Zhi-Xun Shen

Abstract:

Quantum-well states appear in metallic thin films due to the confinement of the wave function by the film interfaces. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we unexpectedly observe quantum-well states in fractured single crystals of CeCoIn5. We confirm that confinement occurs by showing that these states’ binding energies are photon-energy independent and are well described with a phase accumulation model, commonly applied to quantum-well states in thin films. This indicates that atomically flat thin films can be formed by fracturing hard single crystals. For the two samples studied, our observations are explained by free-standing flakes with thicknesses of 206 and 101 Å. We extend our analysis to extract bulk properties of CeCoIn5. Specifically, we obtain the dispersion of a three-dimensional band near the zone center along in-plane and out-of-plane momenta. We establish part of its Fermi surface, which corresponds to a hole pocket centered at Γ. We also reveal a change of its dispersion with temperature, a signature that may be caused by the Kondo hybridization.