"Quantized topological magnetoelectric effect of the zero-plateau quantum anomalous Hall state"

Jing Wang: Biao Lian, Xiao-Liang Qi, and Shou-Cheng Zhang; Physical Review B, 08/10/15.

Additional Authors: Biao Lian, Xiao-Liang Qi, and Shou-Cheng Zhang

Abstract:

The topological magnetoelectric effect in a three-dimensional topological insulator is a novel phenomenon, where an electric field induces a magnetic field in the same direction, with a universal coefficient of proportionality quantized in units of e2/2h. Here, we propose that the topological magnetoelectric effect can be realized in the zero-plateau quantum anomalous Hall state of magnetic topological insulators or a ferromagnet-topological insulator heterostructure. The finite-size effect is also studied numerically, where the magnetoelectric coefficient is shown to converge to a quantized value when the thickness of the topological insulator film increases. We further propose a device setup to eliminate nontopological contributions from the side surface.