"Nature of a single doped hole in two-leg Hubbard and t- J ladders"

Shenxiu Liu: Hong-Chen Jiang, and Thomas P. Devereaux; Physical Review B , 10/28/16.

Additional Authors: Hong-Chen Jiang, and Thomas P. Devereaux

Abstract:

 

In this paper, we have systematically studied the single-hole problem in two-leg Hubbard and t-J ladders by large-scale density-matrix renormalization-group calculations. We found that the doped holes in both models behave similarly, while the three-site correlated hopping term is not important in determining the ground-state properties. For more insights, we have also calculated the elementary excitations, i.e., the energy gaps to the excited states of the system. In the strong-rung limit, we found that the doped hole behaves as a Bloch quasiparticle in both systems where the spin and charge of the doped hole are tightly bound together. In the isotropic limit, while the hole still behaves like a quasiparticle in the long-wavelength limit, our results show that its spin and charge components are only loosely bound together inside the quasiparticle, whose internal structure can lead to a visible residual effect which dramatically changes the local structure of the ground-state wave function.