"Microscopic origin of Cooper pairing in the iron-based superconductor Ba1-xKxFe2As2"

Thomas Böhm: Florian Kretzschmar, Andreas Baum, Michael Rehm, Daniel Jost, Ramez Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ronny Thomale, Christian Platt, Thomas A. Maier, Werner Hanke, Brian Moritz, Thomas P. Devereaux, Douglas J. Scalapino, Saurabh Maiti, Peter J. Hirschfeld, Peter Adelmann, Thomas Wolf, Hai-Hu Wen, Rudi Hack; npj Quantum Materials, 09/20/18.

Additional Authors: Florian Kretzschmar, Andreas Baum, Michael Rehm, Daniel Jost, Ramez Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Ronny Thomale, Christian Platt, Thomas A. Maier, Werner Hanke, Brian Moritz, Thomas P. Devereaux, Douglas J. Scalapino, Saurabh Maiti, Peter J. Hirschfeld, Peter Adelmann, Thomas Wolf, Hai-Hu Wen, Rudi Hack

Abstract:

Resolving the microscopic pairing mechanism and its experimental identification in unconventional superconductors is among the most vexing problems of contemporary condensed matter physics. We show that Raman spectroscopy provides an avenue towards this aim by probing the structure of the pairing interaction at play in an unconventional superconductor. As we study the spectra of the prototypical Fe-based superconductor Ba1−xKxFe2As2 for 0.22 ≤ x ≤ 0.70 in all symmetry channels, Raman spectroscopy allows us to distill the leading s-wave state. In addition, the spectra collected in the B1g symmetry channel reveal the existence of two collective modes which are indicative of the presence of two competing, yet sub-dominant, pairing tendencies of  dx2 – y2  symmetry type. A comprehensive functional Renormalization Group and random-phase approximation study on this compound confirms the presence of the two sub-leading channels, and consistently matches the experimental doping dependence of the related modes. The consistency between the experimental observations and the theoretical modeling suggests that spin fluctuations play a significant role in superconducting pairing.