"London Dispersion Directs On-Surface Self-Assembly of [121]Tetramantane Molecules"

Daniel Ebeling: Marina Šekutor, Marvin Stiefermann, Jalmar Tschakert, Jeremy E. P. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, André Schirmeisen, and Peter R. Schreiner; ACS Nano, 08/28/17.

Additional Authors: Marina Šekutor, Marvin Stiefermann, Jalmar Tschakert, Jeremy E. P. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, André Schirmeisen, and Peter R. Schreiner

Abstract:

London dispersion (LD) acts between all atoms and molecules in nature, but the role of LD interactions in the self-assembly of molecular layers is still poorly understood. In this study, direct visualization of single molecules using atomic force microscopy with CO-functionalized tips revealed the exact adsorption structures of bulky and highly polarizable [121]tetramantane molecules on Au(111) and Cu(111) surfaces. We determined the absolute molecular orientations of the completely sp3-hybridized tetramantanes on metal surfaces. Moreover, we demonstrate how LD drives this on-surface self-assembly of [121]tetramantane hydrocarbons, resulting in the formation of a highly ordered 2D lattice. Our experimental findings were underpinned by a systematic computational study, which allowed us to quantify the energies associated with LD interactions and to analyze intermolecular close contacts and attractions in detail.