"Growth of nematic susceptibility in the field-induced normal state of an iron-based superconductor revealed by elastoresistivity measurements in a 65 T pulsed magnet"

J. A. W. Straquadine: J. C. Palmstrom, P. Walmsley, A. T. Hristov, F. Weickert, F. F. Balakirev, M. Jaime, R. McDonald, and I. R. Fisher; Physical Review B, 09/23/19.

Additional Authors: J. C. Palmstrom, P. Walmsley, A. T. Hristov, F. Weickert, F. F. Balakirev, M. Jaime, R. McDonald, and I. R. Fisher

Abstract:

In iron-based superconductors, both nematic and magnetic fluctuations are expected to enhance superconductivity and may originate from a quantum critical point hidden beneath the superconducting dome. The behavior of the nonsuperconducting state can be an important piece of the puzzle, motivating, in this paper, the use of high magnetic fields to suppress superconductivity and measure the nematic susceptibility of the normal state at low temperatures. We describe experimental advances which make it possible to measure a resistive gauge factor (which is a proxy for the nematic susceptibility) in the field-induced normal state in a 65 T pulsed magnet, and report measurements of the gauge factor of a micromachined single crystal of Ba(Fe0.926Co0.074)2As2 at temperatures down to 1.2 K. The nematic susceptibility increases monotonically in the field-induced normal state as the temperature decreases, consistent with the presence of a quantum critical point nearby in composition.