"Effects of Molecular Geometry on the Properties of Compressed Diamondoid Crystal"

Fan Yang: Yu Lin, Maria Baldini, Jeremy E. P. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, and Wendy L. Mao; The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 11/17/16.

Additional Authors: Yu Lin, Maria Baldini, Jeremy E. P. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, and Wendy L. Mao

Abstract:

Diamondoids are an intriguing group of carbonbased nanomaterials, which combine desired properties of inorganic nanomaterials and small hydrocarbon molecules with atomic-level uniformity. In this Letter, we report the first comparative study on the effect of pressure on a series of diamondoid crystals with systematically varying molecular geometries and shapes, including zero-dimensional (0D) adamantane; one-dimensional (1D) diamantane, [121]- tetramantane, [123]tetramantane, and [1212]pentamantane; two-dimensional (2D) [12312]hexamantane; and three-dimensional (3D) triamantane and [1(2,3)4]pentamantane. We find the bulk moduli of these diamondoid crystals are strongly dependent on the diamondoids’ molecular geometry with 3D [1(2,3)4]pentamantane being the least compressible and 0D adamantane being the most compressible. These diamondoid crystals possess excellent structural rigidity and are able to sustain large volume deformation without structural failure even after repetitive pressure loading cycles. These properties are desirable for constructing cushioning devices. We also demonstrate that lower diamondoids outperform the conventional cushioning materials in both the working pressure range and energy absorption density.

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