"Dichroism in the Parent Ferropnictide BaFe2As2 Across the Nematic Phase Transition"

M. Chinotti: C. Mirri, A. Dusza, S. Bastelerger, L. Degiorgi , J.-H. Chu, H.-H. Kuo, I. R. Fisher; Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism, 12/11/15.

Additional Authors: C. Mirri, A. Dusza, S. Bastelerger, L. Degiorgi , J.-H. Chu, H.-H. Kuo, I. R. Fisher

Abstract:

We investigate the anisotropy of the optical response (i.e., dichroism) in the representative ‘parent’ ferropnictide BaFe2As2. The dichroism is achieved through measurements of the optical reflectivity in a broad spectral range, across the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic and spin-density-wave (SDW) phase transitions, from which we extract the real part of the optical conductivity. The collection of data on the specimen with variable degree of detwinning is made possible via our novel pressure device which allows tuning in situ uniaxial stress. The dichroism bears testimony to an important electronic polarization, reflecting the impact of the nematic phase and its fluctuations on the electronic structure.