"Complementarity between high-energy photoelectron and L-edge spectroscopy for probing the electronic structure of 5d transition metal catalysts"

Toyli Anniyev: Hirohito Ogasawara, Mathias P. Ljungberg, Kjartan T. Wikfeldt, Janay B. MacNaughton, Lars-Åke Näslund, Uwe Bergmann, Shirlaine Koh, Peter Strasser, Lars G.M. Pettersson and Anders Nilsson; Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 05/05/10.

Additional Authors: Hirohito Ogasawara, Mathias P. Ljungberg, Kjartan T. Wikfeldt, Janay B. MacNaughton, Lars-Åke Näslund, Uwe Bergmann, Shirlaine Koh, Peter Strasser, Lars G.M. Pettersson and Anders Nilsson

Abstract:

We demonstrate the successful use of hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) for selectively probing the platinum partial d-density of states (DOS) in a Pt–Cu nanoparticle catalyst which shows activity superior to pure Pt towards the oxygen –reduction reaction (ORR). The information about occupied Pt d-band states was complemented by Pt L2-edge X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES), which probes unoccupied valence states. We found a significant electronic perturbation of the Pt projected d-DOS which was narrowed and shifted to higher binding energy compared to pure platinum. The effect of this electronic structure perturbation on the chemical properties of the nanoparticle surface is discussed in terms of the d-band model. We have thereby demonstrated that the combination of L-edge spectroscopy and HAXPES allows for an experimental derivation of the valence electronic structure in an element-specific way for 5d metal catalysts .