"Superconductivity of topological matters induced via pressure"

Jun-liang Zhang: Si-jia Zhang, Hong-ming Weng, Wei Zhang, Liu-xiang Yang, Qing-qing Liu, Pan-pan Kong, Jie Zhu, Shao-min Feng, Xian-cheng Wang, Ri-cheng Yu, Lie-zhao Cao, Shoucheng Zhang, Xi Dai, Zhong Fang, Chang-qing Jin; Frontiers of Physics , 02/15/12.

Additional Authors: Si-jia Zhang, Hong-ming Weng, Wei Zhang, Liu-xiang Yang, Qing-qing Liu, Pan-pan Kong, Jie Zhu, Shao-min Feng, Xian-cheng Wang, Ri-cheng Yu, Lie-zhao Cao, Shoucheng Zhang, Xi Dai, Zhong Fang, Chang-qing Jin

Abstract:

By applying pressure on the topological insulator Bi2Te3 single crystal, superconducting phase was found without a crystal structure phase transition. The new superconducting phase is under the pressure range of 3 GPa to 6 GPa. The high pressure Hall effect measurements indicated that the superconductivity caused by bulk hole pockets. The high pressure structure investigations with synchrotron X-ray diffraction indicated that the superconducting phase is of similar structure to that of ambient phase structure with only slight change with lattice parameter and internal atomic position. The topological band structures indicate the superconducting phase under high pressure remained topologically nontrivial. The results suggested that topological superconductivity can be realized in Bi2Te3 due to the proximity effect between superconducting bulk states and Diractype surface states. We also discussed the possibility that the bulk state could be a topological superconductor.