"Ultrathin, flexible, solid polymer composite electrolyte enabled with aligned nanoporous host for lithium batteries"

Jiayu Wan: Jin Xie,  Xian Kong , Zhe Liu , Kai Liu, Feifei Shi, Allen Pei , Hao Chen, Wei Chen, Jun Chen, Xiaokun Zhang, Linqi Zong, Jiangyan Wang, Long-Qing Chen, Jian Qin  and Yi Cui; Nature Nanotechnology, 07/01/19.

Additional Authors: Jin Xie,  Xian Kong , Zhe Liu , Kai Liu, Feifei Shi, Allen Pei , Hao Chen, Wei Chen, Jun Chen, Xiaokun Zhang, Linqi Zong, Jiangyan Wang, Long-Qing Chen, Jian Qin  and Yi Cui

Abstract:

The urgent need for safer batteries is leading research to all-solid-state lithium-based cells. To achieve energy density comparable to liquid electrolyte-based cells, ultrathin and lightweight solid electrolytes with high ionic conductivity are desired. However, solid electrolytes with comparable thicknesses to commercial polymer electrolyte separators (~10 μm) used in liquid electrolytes remain challenging to make because of the increased risk of short-circuiting the battery. Here, we report on a polymer–polymer solid-state electrolyte design, demonstrated with an 8.6-μm-thick nanoporous polyimide (PI) film filled with polyethylene oxide/lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (PEO/LiTFSI) that can be used as a safe solid polymer electrolyte. The PI film is nonflammable and mechanically strong, preventing batteries from short-circuiting even after more than 1,000 h of cycling, and the vertical channels enhance the ionic conductivity (2.3 × 10−4 S cm−1 at 30 °C) of the infused polymer electrolyte. All-solid-state lithium-ion batteries fabricated with PI/PEO/LiTFSI solid electrolyte show good cycling performance (200 cycles at C/2 rate) at 60 °C and withstand abuse tests such as bending, cutting and nail penetration.