"Correction to "Origin of Electrochromism in High-Performing Nanocomposite Nickel Oxide""

Feng Lin: Dennis Nordlund , Tsu-Chien Weng , Dimosthenis Sokaras , Kim M. Jones , Rob B. Reed , Dane T. Gillaspie , Douglas G. J. Weir , Rob G. Moore , Anne C. Dillon , Ryan M. Richards , and Chaiwat Engtrakul; Applied Materials and Interfaces, 08/30/13.

Additional Authors: Dennis Nordlund , Tsu-Chien Weng , Dimosthenis Sokaras , Kim M. Jones , Rob B. Reed , Dane T. Gillaspie , Douglas G. J. Weir , Rob G. Moore , Anne C. Dillon , Ryan M. Richards , and Chaiwat Engtrakul

Abstract:

Electrochromic effects of transition metal oxides provide a great platform for studying lithium intercalation chemistry in solids. Herein, we report on an electronically modified nanocomposite nickel oxide (i.e., Li2.34NiZr0.28Ox) that exhibits significantly improved electrochromic performance relative to the state-of-the-art inorganic electrochromic metal oxides in terms of charge/discharge kinetics, bleached-state transparency, and optical modulation. The knowledge obtained from O K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) suggests that the internally grown lithium peroxide (i.e., Li2O2) species plays a major role in facilitating charge transfer thus enabling optimal electrochromic performance. This understanding is relevant to recent theoretical studies concerning conductivity in Li2O2 for lithium–air batteries (as cited in the main text). Furthermore, we elucidate the electrochromism in modified nickel oxide in lithium ion electrolyte with the aid of Ni K-edge XAS and Ni L-edge XAS studies. The electrochromism in the nickel oxide materials arises from the reversible formation of hole states on the NiO6 units, which then impacts the Ni oxidation state through the Ni3d-O2p hybridization states. This study sheds light on the lithium intercalation chemistry for general energy storage and semiconductor applications.