"Interconnected Silicon Hollow Nanospheres for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes with Long Cycle Life"

Yan Yao: Matthew T. McDowell, Ill Ryu, Hui Wu, Nian Liu, Liangbing Hu, William D. Nix and Yi Cui; Nano Letters, 06/14/11.

Additional Authors: Matthew T. McDowell, Ill Ryu, Hui Wu, Nian Liu, Liangbing Hu, William D. Nix and Yi Cui

Abstract:

Silicon is a promising candidate for the anode material in lithium-ion batteries due to its high theoretical specific capacity. However, volume changes during cycling cause pulverization and capacity fade, and improving cycle life is a major research challenge. Here, we report a novel interconnected Si hollow nanosphere electrode that is capable of accommodating large volume changes without pulverization during cycling. We achieved the high initial discharge capacity of 2725 mAh g–1 with less than 8% capacity degradation every hundred cycles for 700 total cycles. Si hollow sphere electrodes also show a Coulombic efficiency of 99.5% in later cycles. Superior rate capability is demonstrated and attributed to fast lithium diffusion in the interconnected Si hollow structure.