"A tilted pulse-front setup for femtosecond transient grating spectroscopy in highly non-collinear geometries"

A Battistoni: H A Dürr, M Gühr and T J A Wolf; Journal of Optics, 08/10/18.

Additional Authors: H A Dürr, M Gühr and T J A Wolf

Abstract:

We demonstrate a tilted pulse-front transient grating (TG) technique that allows to optimally utilize time resolution as well as TG line density while probing under grazing incidence as typically done in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) or soft x-ray (SXR) experiments. Our optical setup adapts the pulse front tilt of the two pulses that create the TG to the grazing incident pulse. We demonstrate the technique using all 800 nm femtosecond laser pulses for TG generation on a vanadium dioxide film. We probe that grating via diffraction of a third 800 nm pulse. The time resolution of 90 fs is an improvement by a factor of 30 compared to our previous experiments on the same system. The scheme paves the way for EUV and SXR probing of optically induced TGs on any material.