"Widespread spin polarization effects in photoemission from topological insulators"

C. Jozwiak: Y L. Chen, A V. Fedorov, J G. Analytis, C R. Rotundu, A K. Schmid, J D. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, D.-H. Lee, I R. Fisher, R J. Birgeneau, Z.-X. Shen, Z. Hussain, and A. Lanzara; Phys. Rev. B, 10/14/11.

Additional Authors: Y L. Chen, A V. Fedorov, J G. Analytis, C R. Rotundu, A K. Schmid, J D. Denlinger, Y.-D. Chuang, D.-H. Lee, I R. Fisher, R J. Birgeneau, Z.-X. Shen, Z. Hussain, and A. Lanzara

Abstract:

High-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES) was performed on the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3 using a recently developed high-efficiency spectrometer. The topological surface state’s helical spin structure is observed, in agreement with theoretical prediction. Spin textures of both chiralities, at energies above and below the Dirac point, are observed, and the spin structure is found to persist at room temperature. The measurements reveal additional unexpected spin polarization effects, which also originate from the spin-orbit interaction, but are well differentiated from topological physics by contrasting momentum and photon energy and polarization dependencies. These observations demonstrate significant deviations of photoelectron and quasiparticle spin polarizations. Our findings illustrate the inherent complexity of spin-resolved ARPES and demonstrate key considerations for interpreting experimental results.