"Universal phase dynamics in VO2 switches revealed by ultrafast operando diffraction"

Aditya Sood: Xiaozhe Shen , Yin Shi , Suhas Kumar, Su Ji Park, Marc Zajac, Yifei Sun, Long-Qing Chen, Shriram Ramanathan, Xijie Wang, William C. Chueh, Aaron M. Lindenberg; Science, 07/16/21.

Additional Authors: Xiaozhe Shen , Yin Shi , Suhas Kumar, Su Ji Park, Marc Zajac, Yifei Sun, Long-Qing Chen, Shriram Ramanathan, Xijie Wang, William C. Chueh, Aaron M. Lindenberg

Abstract:

Vanadium dioxide is known to have a coupled structural and electronic transition that can be accessed through light, thermal, or electrical excitation. Ultrafast optical studies of this insulator-to-metal transition indicate that it is mediated by the formation of a transient metallic phase that retains the structure of the original insulating phase. Sood et al. show that a similar sequence occurs when the material is electrically excited with a series of voltage pulses. Using ultrafast electron diffraction, the researchers monitored the structure of a vanadium dioxide sample after excitation and found evidence of a metastable metallic phase that appears during the transition.