"Tuning the electrons at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface: From growth to beyond growth"

Xie Yan-Wu : Hwang Harold Y; Chinese Physics B, 12/01/13.

Additional Authors: Hwang Harold Y

Abstract:

Recently, the quasi-two-dimensional electron gas (q2DEG) confined at the interface between LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 has attracted significant attention. In this paper, we briefly review experimental methods that have been used to tune the carrier density and mobility of this q2DEG. These methods can be classified into two categories: growth-related tuning (i.e. substrate, growth temperature, oxygen pressure, post-annealing, LaAlO3 thickness, stoichiometry, and capping layers) and post-growth tuning (i.e. electrostatic field gating, conductive atomic force microscopy and surface adsorbates). Taken together, these methods enable the broad tuning of the electronic properties of this interface.