"Topological superconducting phase and Majorana fermions in half-metal/superconductor heterostructures"

Suk Bum Chung: Hai-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Liang Qi, and Shou-Cheng Zhang ; Phys. Rev. B , 08/23/11.

Additional Authors: Hai-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Liang Qi, and Shou-Cheng Zhang

Abstract:

As a half-metal is spin polarized at its Fermi level by definition, it was conventionally thought to have little proximity effect to an s-wave superconductor. Here we show that with interface spin-orbit coupling px+ipy superconductivity without spin degeneracy is induced on the half-metal, and we give an estimate of its bulk energy gap. Therefore, a single-band half-metal can give us a topological superconductor with a single chiral Majorana edge state. Our band calculation shows that two atomic layers of VTe or CrO2 is a single-band half-metal for a wide range (∼0.1 eV) of Fermi energy and thus is a suitable candidate material.