"Temperature-dependent Nucleation and Growth of Dendrite-free Lithium Metal Anodes"

Kang Yan: Jiangyan Wang, Shuoqing Zhao, Dong Zhou, Bing Sun, Yi Cui and Guoxiu Wang; Angewandte Chemie, 05/30/19.

Additional Authors: Jiangyan Wang, Shuoqing Zhao, Dong Zhou, Bing Sun, Yi Cui and Guoxiu Wang

Abstract:

It is essential to develop a facile and effective method to enhance the electrochemical performance of lithium metal anodes for building high-energy-density Li-metal based batteries. Herein, we explored the temperature-dependent Li nucleation and growth behavior and constructed a dendrite-free Li metal anode by elevating temperature from room temperature (20°C) to 60°C. A series of ex situ and in situ microscopy investigations demonstrate that increasing Li deposition temperature results in large nuclei size, low nucleation density, and compact growth of Li metal. We reveal that the enhanced lithiophilicity and the increased Li-ion diffusion coefficient in aprotic electrolytes at high temperature are essential factors contributing to the dendrite-free Li growth behavior. As anodes in both half cells and full cells, the compact deposited Li with minimized specific surface area delivered high Coulombic efficiencies and long cycling stability at 6°C.