"Suppression of spontaneous currents in Sr2RuO4 by surface disorder"

Samuel Lederer: Wen Huang, Edward Taylor, Srinivas Raghu, and Catherine Kallin; Physical Review B, 10/31/14.

Additional Authors: Wen Huang, Edward Taylor, Srinivas Raghu, and Catherine Kallin

Abstract:

A major challenge to the chiral p-wave hypothesis for the pairing symmetry of the unconventional superconductor Sr2RuO4 is the null result of sensitive scanning magnetometry experiments designed to detect the expected spontaneous charge currents. Motivated by junction tunneling conductance measurements, which indicate the quenching of superconductivity at the surfaces of even high-purity samples, we examine the spontaneous currents in a chiral p-wave superconductor near a normal metal/superconductor interface using the lattice Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations and Ginzburg-Landau theory, and find that the edge current is suppressed by more than an order of magnitude compared to previous estimates. These calculations demonstrate that interface details can have a quantitatively meaningful effect on the expectations for magnetometry experiments.