"Stretchable Lithium-Ion Batteries Enabled by Device-Scaled Wavy Structure and Elastic-Sticky Separator"

Wei Liu: Jun Chen, Zheng Chen, Kai Liu, Guangmin Zhou, Yongming Sun, Min-Sang Song, Zhenan Bao, and Yi Cui; Advanced Energy Materials, 07/17/17.

Additional Authors: Jun Chen, Zheng Chen, Kai Liu, Guangmin Zhou, Yongming Sun, Min-Sang Song, Zhenan Bao, and Yi Cui

Abstract:

Fast developments and substantial achievements have been shaping the field of wearable electronic devices, resulting in the persistent requirement for stretchable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Despite recent progress in stretchable electrodes, stretching full batteries, including electrodes, separator, and sealing material, remains a great challenge. Here, a simple design concept for stretchable LIBs via a wavy structure at the full battery device scale is reported. All components including the package are capable of being reversibly stretched by folding the entire pouch cell into a wavy shape with polydimethylsiloxane filled in each valley region. In addition, the stretchable, sticky, and porous polyurethane/poly(vinylidene fluoride) membrane is adopted as a separator for the first time, which can maintain intimate contact between electrodes and separator to continuously secure ion pathway under dynamic state. Commercial cathode, anode, and package can be utilized in this rationally designed wavy battery to enable stretchability. The results indicate good electrochemical performances and long-term stability at repeatable release–stretch cycles. A high areal capacity of 3.6 mA h cm−2 and energy density of up to 172 W h L−1 can be achieved for the wavy battery. The promising results of the cost-effective wavy battery with high stretchability shed light on the development of stretchable energy storages.