"Small-Band-Gap Halide Double Perovskites"

Adam H. Slavney: Linn Leppert, Abraham Saldivar Valdes, Davide Bartesaghi, Tom J. Savenije, Jeffrey B. Neaton, and Hemamala I. Karunadasa; Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 08/07/18.

Additional Authors: Linn Leppert, Abraham Saldivar Valdes, Davide Bartesaghi, Tom J. Savenije, Jeffrey B. Neaton, and Hemamala I. Karunadasa

Abstract:

Despite their compositional versatility, most halide double perovskites feature large band gaps. Herein, we describe a strategy for achieving small band gaps in this family of materials. The new double perovskites Cs2AgTlX6 (X=Cl (1) and Br (2)) have direct band gaps of 2.0 and 0.95 eV, respectively, which are approximately 1 eV lower than those of analogous perovskites. To our knowledge, compound 2 displays the lowest band gap for any known halide perovskite. Unlike in AIBIIX3 perovskites, the band‐gap transition in AI2BB′X6 double perovskites can show substantial metal‐to‐metal charge‐transfer character. This band‐edge orbital composition is used to achieve small band gaps through the selection of energetically aligned B‐ and B′‐site metal frontier orbitals. Calculations reveal a shallow, symmetry‐forbidden region at the band edges for 1, which results in long (μs) microwave conductivity lifetimes. We further describe a facile self‐doping reaction in 2 through Br2 loss at ambient conditions.