"Room temperature optical anisotropy of a LaMnO3 thin-film induced by ultra-short pulse laser"

Purevdorj Munkhbaatar: Zsolt Marton, Baatarchuluun Tsermaa, Woo Seok Choi, Sung S. Ambrose Seo, Jin Seung Kim, Naoyuki Nakagawa, Harold Y. Hwang, Ho Nyung Lee and Kim Myung-Whun; Applied Physics Letters, 03/04/15.

Additional Authors: Zsolt Marton, Baatarchuluun Tsermaa, Woo Seok Choi, Sung S. Ambrose Seo, Jin Seung Kim, Naoyuki Nakagawa, Harold Y. Hwang, Ho Nyung Lee and Kim Myung-Whun

Abstract:

We observed ultra-short laser pulse-induced transient optical anisotropy in a LaMnO3 thin film. The anisotropy was induced by laser pulse irradiation with a fluence of less than 0.1 mJ/cm2 at room temperature. The transmittance and reflectance showed strong dependence on the polarization states of the pulses. For parallel and perpendicular polarization states, there exists a difference of approximately 0.2% for transmittance and 0.05% for reflectance at 0.3 ps after the irradiation with a pump pulse, respectively. The theoretical values for optical transmittance and reflectance with an assumption of an orbital ordering of 3d eg electrons in Mn3+ ions showed good agreement with the experimental results, demonstrating that the transient optical anisotropy in LaMnO3 thin film is due to the photo-induced symmetry-breaking of orbital ordering in excited states.