"Revealing the Coulomb interaction strength in a cuprate superconductor"

S.-L. Yang: J. A. Sobota, Y. He, Y. Wang, D. Leuenberger, H. Soifer, M. Hashimoto, D. H. Lu, H. Eisaki, B. Moritz, T. P. Devereaux, P. S. Kirchmann, and Z.-X. Shen; Physical Review B, 12/08/17.

Additional Authors: J. A. Sobota, Y. He, Y. Wang, D. Leuenberger, H. Soifer, M. Hashimoto, D. H. Lu, H. Eisaki, B. Moritz, T. P. Devereaux, P. S. Kirchmann, and Z.-X. Shen

Abstract:

We study optimally doped Bi2Sr2Ca0.92Y0.08Cu2O8+δ (Bi2212) using angle-resolved two-photon photoemission spectroscopy. Three spectral features are resolved near 1.5, 2.7, and 3.6 eV above the Fermi level. By tuning the photon energy, we determine that the 2.7-eV feature arises predominantly from unoccupied states. The 1.5- and 3.6-eV features reflect unoccupied states whose spectral intensities are strongly modulated by the corresponding occupied states. These unoccupied states are consistent with the prediction from a cluster perturbation theory based on the single-band Hubbard model. Through this comparison, a Coulomb interaction strength U of 2.7 eV is extracted. Our study complements equilibrium photoemission spectroscopy and provides a direct spectroscopic measurement of the unoccupied states in cuprates. The determined Coulomb U indicates that the charge-transfer gap of optimally doped Bi2212 is 1.1 eV.