"Rapid thermal processing chamber for in-situ x-ray diffraction"

Md. Imteyaz Ahmad: Douglas G. Van Campen, Jeremy D. Fields, Jiafan Yu, Vanessa L. Pool, Philip A. Parilla, David S. Ginley, Maikel F. A. M. Van Hest and Michael F. Toney; Rev. Sci. Instrum., 01/01/15.

Additional Authors: Douglas G. Van Campen, Jeremy D. Fields, Jiafan Yu, Vanessa L. Pool, Philip A. Parilla, David S. Ginley, Maikel F. A. M. Van Hest and Michael F. Toney

Abstract:

Rapid thermal processing (RTP) is widely used for processing a variety of materials, including electronics and photovoltaics. Presently, optimization of RTP is done primarily based on studies. As a consequence, the precise reaction pathways and phase progression during the RTP remain unclear. More awareness of the reaction pathways would better enable process optimization and foster increased adoption of RTP, which offers numerous advantages for synthesis of a broad range of materials systems. To achieve this, we have designed and developed a RTP instrument that enables real-time collection of X-ray diffraction data with intervals as short as 100 ms, while heating with ramp rates up to 100 °Cs−1, and with a maximum operating temperature of 1200 °C. The system is portable and can be installed on a synchrotron beamline. The unique capabilities of this instrument are demonstrated with characterization of a BiO-SiO glass frit obtained during heating with ramp rates 5 °C s−1 and 100 °C s−1, revealing numerous phase changes.