"Photoluminescence of diamondoid crystals "

William A. Clay: Takao Sasagawa, Akio Iwasa, Zhi Liu, Jeremy E. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, Michael Kelly, Nicholas Melosh, and Zhi-Xun Shen ; J. Appl. Phys., 11/08/11.

Additional Authors: Takao Sasagawa, Akio Iwasa, Zhi Liu, Jeremy E. Dahl, Robert M. K. Carlson, Michael Kelly, Nicholas Melosh, and Zhi-Xun Shen

Abstract:

The photoluminescence of diamondoids in the solid state is examined. All of the diamondoids are found to photoluminesce readily, with initial excitation wavelengths ranging from 233 nm to 240 nm (5.3 eV). These excitation energies are more than 1 eV lower than any previously studied saturated hydrocarbon material. The emission is found to be heavily shifted from the absorption, with emission wavelengths of roughly 295 nm (4.2 eV) in all cases. In the dissolved state, however, no fluorescence is observed for excitation wavelengths as short as 200 nm. We also discuss predictions and measurements of the quantum yield. Our predictions indicate that the maximum yield may be as high as 25%. Our measurement of one species, diamantane, gives a yield of 11%, the highest ever reported for a saturated hydrocarbon, even though it was likely not at the optimal excitation wavelength.