"Pair density waves in superconducting vortex halos"

Yuxuan Wang: Stephen D. Edkins, Mohammad H. Hamidian, J. C. Séamus Davis, Eduardo Fradkin, and Steven A. Kivelson; Physical Review B, 05/14/18.

Additional Authors: Stephen D. Edkins, Mohammad H. Hamidian, J. C. Séamus Davis, Eduardo Fradkin, and Steven A. Kivelson

Abstract:

We analyze the interplay between a d-wave uniform superconducting and a pair-density-wave (PDW) order parameter in the neighborhood of a vortex. We develop a phenomenological nonlinear sigma model, solve the saddle-point equation for the order-parameter configuration, and compute the resulting local density of states in the vortex halo. The intertwining of the two superconducting orders leads to a charge density modulation with the same periodicity as the PDW, which is twice the period of the charge density wave that arises as a second harmonic of the PDW itself. We discuss key features of the charge density modulation that can be directly compared with recent results from scanning tunneling microscopy and speculate on the role PDW order may play in the global phase diagram of the hole-doped cuprates.