"Observations of Continuum Depression in Warm Dense Matter with X-Ray Thomson Scattering"

L. B. Fletcher: A. L. Kritcher, A. Pak, T. Ma, T. Döppner, C. Fortmann, L. Divol, O. S. Jones, O. L. Landen, H. A. Scott, J. Vorberger, D. A. Chapman, D. O. Gericke, B. A. Mattern, G. T. Seidler, G. Gregori, R. W. Falcone, and S. H. Glenzer; Phys. Rev. Lett. , 04/10/14.

Additional Authors: A. L. Kritcher, A. Pak, T. Ma, T. Döppner, C. Fortmann, L. Divol, O. S. Jones, O. L. Landen, H. A. Scott, J. Vorberger, D. A. Chapman, D. O. Gericke, B. A. Mattern, G. T. Seidler, G. Gregori, R. W. Falcone, and S. H. Glenzer

Abstract:

Detailed measurements of the electron densities, temperatures, and ionization states of compressed CH shells approaching pressures of 50 Mbar are achieved with spectrally resolved x-ray scattering. Laser-produced 9 keV x-rays probe the plasma during the transient state of three-shock coalescence. High signal-to-noise x-ray scattering spectra show direct evidence of continuum depression in highly degenerate warm dense matter states with electron densities ne>1024  cm−3. The measured densities and temperatures agree well with radiation-hydrodynamic modeling when accounting for continuum lowering in calculations that employ detailed configuration accounting.