"Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas"

Justin A. Briggs: Gururaj V. Naik, Trevor A. Petach, Brian K. Baum, David Goldhaber-Gordon, and Jennifer A. Dionne; Applied Physics Letters, 02/05/16.

Additional Authors: Gururaj V. Naik, Trevor A. Petach, Brian K. Baum, David Goldhaber-Gordon, and Jennifer A. Dionne

Abstract:

CMOS-compatible fabrication of plasmonic materials and devices will accelerate the development of integrated nanophotonics for information processing applications. Using low-temperature plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD), we develop a recipe for fully CMOScompatible titanium nitride (TiN) that is plasmonic in the visible and near infrared. Films are grown on silicon, silicon dioxide, and epitaxially on magnesium oxide substrates. By optimizing the plasma exposure per growth cycle during PEALD, carbon and oxygen contamination are reduced, lowering undesirable loss. We use electron beam lithography to pattern TiN nanopillars with varying diameters on silicon in large-area arrays. In the first reported single-particle measurements on plasmonic TiN, we demonstrate size-tunable darkfield scattering spectroscopy in the visible and near infrared regimes. The optical properties of this CMOS-compatible material, combined with its high melting temperature and mechanical durability, comprise a step towards fully CMOSintegrated nanophotonic information processing.