"Doubling theorem and boundary states of five-dimensional Weyl semimetal"

Jing-Yuan Chen: Biao Lian, and Shou-Cheng Zhang; Physical Review B, 08/06/19.

Additional Authors: Biao Lian, and Shou-Cheng Zhang

Abstract:

We study the generic band structures of the five-dimensional (5D) Weyl semimetal, in which the band degeneracies are 2D Weyl surfaces in the momentum space, and may have nontrivial linkings with each other if they carry nonzero second Chern numbers. We prove a number of theorems constraining the topological linking configurations of the Weyl surfaces, which can be viewed as a 5D generalization of the celebrated doubling theorem for 3D Weyl semimetal. As a direct physical consequence of these constraints, the 5D Weyl semimetal hosts a rich structure of topological boundary states. We show that on the 4D boundary of the 5D Weyl semimetal, there are 3D chiral Fermi hypersurfaces protected by bulk Weyl surfaces. On top of that, for bulk Weyl surfaces that are linked and carry nonzero second Chern numbers, the associated boundary 3D Fermi hypersurfaces will shrink to singularities at certain energies, which trace out a protected 1D Weyl nodal arc, in analogy to the Fermi arc on the 3D Weyl semimetal surface.