"Dichotomy of the photo-induced 2-dimensional electron gas on SrTiO3 surface terminations"

Slavko N. Rebec: Tao Jia, Hafiz M. Sohail, Makoto Hashimotod, Donghui Lu, Zhi-Xun Shen, and Robert G. Moore; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 08/07/19.

Additional Authors: Tao Jia, Hafiz M. Sohail, Makoto Hashimotod, Donghui Lu, Zhi-Xun Shen, and Robert G. Moore

Abstract:

Oxide materials are important candidates for the next generation of electronics due to a wide array of desired properties, which they can exhibit alone or when combined with other materials. While SrTiO3 (STO) is often considered a prototypical oxide, it, too, hosts a wide array of unusual properties, including a 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG), which can form at the surface when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light. Using layer-by-layer growth of high-quality STO films, we show that the 2DEG only forms with the SrO termination and not with the TiO2 termination, contrary to expectation. This dichotomy of the observed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) spectra is similarly seen in BaTiO3 (BTO), in which the 2DEG is only observed for BaO-terminated films. These results will allow for a deeper understanding and better control of the electronic structure of titanate films, substrates, and heterostructures.