"Beyond Substrates: Strain Engineering of Ferroelectric Membranes"

David Pesquera: Eric Parsonnet, Alexander Qualls, Ruijuan Xu, Andrew J. Gubser, Jieun Kim, Yizhe Jiang, Gabriel Velarde, Yen-Lin Huang, Harold Y. Hwang, Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Lane W. Martin; Advanced Materials, 09/22/20.

Additional Authors: Eric Parsonnet, Alexander Qualls, Ruijuan Xu, Andrew J. Gubser, Jieun Kim, Yizhe Jiang, Gabriel Velarde, Yen-Lin Huang, Harold Y. Hwang, Ramamoorthy Ramesh, Lane W. Martin

Abstract:

 

Strain engineering in perovskite oxides provides for dramatic control over material structure, phase, and properties, but is restricted by the discrete strain states produced by available high-quality substrates. Here, using the ferroelectric BaTiO3, production of precisely strain-engineered, substrate-released nanoscale membranes is demonstrated via an epitaxial lift-off process that allows the high crystalline quality of films grown on substrates to be replicated. In turn, fine structural tuning is achieved using interlayer stress in symmetric trilayer oxide-metal/ferroelectric/oxide-metal structures fabricated from the released membranes. In devices integrated on silicon, the interlayer stress provides deterministic control of ordering temperature (from 75 to 425 °C) and releasing the substrate clamping is shown to dramatically impact ferroelectric switching and domain dynamics (including reducing coercive fields to <10 kV cm−1 and improving switching times to <5 ns for a 20 µm diameter capacitor in a 100-nm-thick film). In devices integrated on flexible polymers, enhanced room-temperature dielectric permittivity with large mechanical tunability (a 90% change upon ±0.1% strain application) is demonstrated. This approach paves the way toward the fabrication of ultrafast CMOS-compatible ferroelectric memories and ultrasensitive flexible nanosensor devices, and it may also be leveraged for the stabilization of novel phases and functionalities not achievable via direct epitaxial growth.