"Time-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques for real-time studies of interfacial charge transfer dynamics"

Andrey Shavorskiy: Amy Cordones, Josh Vura-Weis, Katrin Siefermann, Daniel Slaughter, Felix Sturm, Fabian Weise, Hendrik Bluhm, Matthew Strader, Hana Cho, Ming-Fu Lin, Camila Bacellar, Champak Khurmi, Marcus Hertlein, Jinghua Guo, Tolek Tyliszczak, David Prendergast, Giacomo Coslovich, Joseph Robinson, Robert A. Kaind, Robert W. Schoenlein, Ali Belkacem, Thorsten Weber, Daniel M. Neumark, Stephen R. Leone, Dennis Nordlund, Hirohito Ogasawara, Anders R. Nilsson, Oleg Krupin, Joshua J. Turner, William F. Schlotter, Michael R. Holmes, Philip A. Heimann, Marc Messerschmidt, Michael P. Minitti, Martin Beye, Sheraz Gul, Jin Z. Zhang, Nils Huse, and Oliver Gessner; AIP Conference Proceedings , 08/10/12.

Additional Authors: Amy Cordones, Josh Vura-Weis, Katrin Siefermann, Daniel Slaughter, Felix Sturm, Fabian Weise, Hendrik Bluhm, Matthew Strader, Hana Cho, Ming-Fu Lin, Camila Bacellar, Champak Khurmi, Marcus Hertlein, Jinghua Guo, Tolek Tyliszczak, David Prendergast, Giacomo Coslovich, Joseph Robinson, Robert A. Kaind, Robert W. Schoenlein, Ali Belkacem, Thorsten Weber, Daniel M. Neumark, Stephen R. Leone, Dennis Nordlund, Hirohito Ogasawara, Anders R. Nilsson, Oleg Krupin, Joshua J. Turner, William F. Schlotter, Michael R. Holmes, Philip A. Heimann, Marc Messerschmidt, Michael P. Minitti, Martin Beye, Sheraz Gul, Jin Z. Zhang, Nils Huse, and Oliver Gessner

Abstract:

X-ray based spectroscopy techniques are particularly well suited to gain access to local oxidation states and electronic dynamics in complex systems with atomic pinpoint accuracy. Traditionally, these techniques are applied in a quasi-static fashion that usually highlights the steady-state properties of a system rather than the fast dynamics that often define the system function on a molecular level. Novel x-ray spectroscopy techniques enabled by free electron lasers (FELs) and synchrotron based pump-probe schemes provide the opportunity to monitor intramolecular and interfacial charge transfer processes in real-time and with element and chemical specificity. Two complementary time-domain xray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques are presented that are applied at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) and the Advanced Light Source (ALS) to study charge transfer processes in N3 dye-sensitized ZnO semiconductor nanocrystals, which are at the heart of emerging light-harvesting technologies.