"Generation and electric control of spin–valley-coupled circular photogalvanic current in WSe2"

Hongtao Yuan: Xinqiang Wang, Biao Lian, Haijun Zhang, Xianfa Fang, Bo Shen, Gang Xu, Yong Xu, Shou-Cheng ZhanG, Harold Y. Hwang & Yi Cui; Nature Nanotechnology, 09/07/14.

Additional Authors: Xinqiang Wang, Biao Lian, Haijun Zhang, Xianfa Fang, Bo Shen, Gang Xu, Yong Xu, Shou-Cheng ZhanG, Harold Y. Hwang & Yi Cui

Abstract:

The valley degree of freedom in layered transition-metal dichalcogenides provides an opportunity to extend the functionalities of spintronics and valleytronics devices. The achievement of spin-coupled valley polarization induced by the non-equilibrium charge-carrier imbalance between two degenerate and inequivalent valleys has been demonstrated theoretically and by optical experiments. However, the generation of a valley and spin current with the valley polarization in transition-metal dichalcogenides remains elusive. Here we demonstrate a spin-coupled valley photocurrent, within an electric-double-layer transistor based on WSe2, whose direction and magnitude depend on the degree of circular polarization of the incident radiation and can be further modulated with an external electric field. This room-temperature generation and electric control of a valley and spin photocurrent provides a new property of electrons in transition-metal dichalcogenide systems, and thereby enables additional degrees of control for quantum-confined spintronic devices.