"A Cation-Tethered Flowable Polymeric Interface for Enabling Stable Deposition of Metallic Lithium"

Zhuojun Huang: Snehashis Choudhury, Huaxin Gong, Yi Cui, Zhenan Bao; Journal of the American Chemical Society, 12/14/20.

Additional Authors: Snehashis Choudhury, Huaxin Gong, Yi Cui, Zhenan Bao

Abstract:

A fundamental challenge, shared across many energy storage devices, is the complexity of electrochemistry at the electrode–electrolyte interfaces that impacts the Coulombic efficiency, operational rate capability, and lifetime. Specifically, in energy-dense lithium metal batteries, the charging/discharging process results in structural heterogeneities of the metal anode, leading to battery failure by short-circuit and capacity fade. In this work, we take advantage of organic cations with lower reduction potential than lithium to build an electrically responsive polymer interface that not only adapts to morphological perturbations during electrodeposition and stripping but also modulates the lithium ion migration pathways to eliminate surface roughening. We find that this concept can enable prolonging the long-term cycling of a high-voltage lithium metal battery by at least twofold compared to bare lithium metal.

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