David Goldhaber-Gordon (SIMES Seminar)

Date(s) - Nov 21 2014
11:00 AM - 12:00 PM

Shasta Room, Bldg. 40, Room 361


Precise quantization of anomalous Hall effect near zero magnetic field

David Goldhaber-Gordon

 Professor of Physics and, by courtesy, of Applied Physics

The quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) has recently been of great interest due to its recent experimental realization in thin films of Cr-doped (Bi, Sb)2Te3, a ferromagnetic 3D topological insulator. The presence of ferromagnetic exchange breaks time-reversal symmetry, opening a gap in the surface states, but gives rise to dissipationless chiral conduction at the edge of a magnetized film. Ideally, this leads to vanishing longitudinal resistance and Hall resistance quantized to h/e^2, where h is Planck’s constant and e is the electron charge, but perfect quantization has so far proved elusive. Here, we study the QAHE in the limit of zero applied magnetic field, and measure Hall resistance quantized to within one part per 10,000. Deviation from quantization is due primarily to thermally activated carriers, which can be nearly eliminated through adiabatic demagnetization cooling. This result demonstrates an early but significant step toward achieving dissipationless electron transport in technologically relevant conditions.